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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or PDF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is 1-spaced; uses Book Antiqua font with 10,5-point font; employs regular, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

The Manuscript General Guidelines

  1. The author should send the article with login as the author at

  2. This article has never been published before, nor is it considered for publication by another source, and does not contain plagiarism. At the time of submission, the author must report the prior publication of the material used in this paper in any medium.

  3. Articles can be from conceptual and research articles.

  4. The article can be written in English or Bahasa Indonesia for 4000-7000 words, not including title, abstract, author, an affiliation of the author, correspondence of author, and reference.

  5. If the article is written in Indonesian, the abstract should be typed in Indonesian and English. Meanwhile, the abstract should be typed in English only if the article is written in English. This abstract section should be typed in Book Antiqua font and font size of 10 pt. The abstract number of words of 150-200.

  6. Abstract English and Bahasa must be completed with 3-5 keywords.

  7. It is recommended to use a journal template that is already available.

Article Structure

  1. Title. Article titles may not be more than 12 words for English and 15 words for Indonesian. The article should be started by the title, followed by the authors' name and affiliation address. The author's name must be included after the title, and all authors should be accompanied to address, including the name of the institution and email address.

  2. Abstract. A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research, the methods, the principal results, and significant conclusions. A structured abstract is required for the Original article, and the format should consist of four sections, labeled “Background,” “Methods,” “Results,” and “Conclusions.” For this reason, references should be avoided, but if essential, cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if necessary, they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

  3. Introduction. The introduction must contain (brief and sequential) general background and literature review (state of the art) as the basis for new research questions, statements from recent scientific articles, main research problems, and hypotheses. At the final of the introduction, the purpose of writing the article must be stated. It is not possible to write references in the scientific article format as in research reports. They must be represented in a literature review to show a new brand of scientific articles. The introductory content is the background of the problem, the hypothesis (if any), a significant idea to distinguish from the same problem published, and the purpose of the study.

  4. Material and Method. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference; only relevant modifications should be described.

  5. Result. The results section should detail the main findings and outcomes of the study. Tables usage only improves conciseness or where the information cannot be given satisfactorily in other ways such as histograms or graphs. Tables should be numbered serially and referred to in the text by number (table 1, etc.). Each table should have an explanatory caption which should be as concise as possible.

  6. Discussion. It should explore the significance of the work results, not repeat them. A combined Results and discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

    • Discuss how current findings relate to prior studies
    • Cite relevant prior literature
    • Note specifically how current findings are new or different from the prior report
    • Discuss implications of current findings
    • Discuss limitations of the recent study
    • Note future questions or areas needing further research.
  7. Conclusion. It is where you describe the meaning of your results, especially in what was already known about the subject. You can present general and specific conclusions, but take care not to summarize your article – that’s what the abstract is for. You should link this section back to the introduction, referring to your questions or hypotheses, and cover how the results relate to your expectations and cited sources. Do the results support or contradict existing theories? Are there any limitations? You can also suggest further research or experiments, uses, and extensions.

  8. Acknowledgments. Collate acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, and others).

  9. References. Reference style in articles submitted to Sundermann journals using Turabian Style 8th Edition. For a research paper, reference has a minimum of 10 libraries and publications of the last ten years unless historical study material can be used in more than the last ten years of classic literature publications. From that number, 80% comes from primary sources, namely articles published in scientific journals. In a conceptual paper, reference has a minimum of 25 libraries and publications in the last ten years, unless historical study material can be used in classic publications for more than ten years. Of this amount, 80% comes from primary sources, namely articles published in scientific journals and research proceedings.

    To help authors write references and avoid mistakes in writing, recommended to use reference manager tools such as Mendeley or Zotero. Further instructions on writing footnotes and bibliography can be read at

Supplementary data

Sundermann's journal accepts supplementary electronic material to support and enhance the author of scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips, and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of the article. Please provide the data in one of our recommended file formats to ensure that the submitted material is directly usable. Authors should submit the material in electronic format and the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. 

Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text at the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.


Number tables consecutively following their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in using tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

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